MORMON  STUDIES  PRESENTS:


John Hyde's

Mormonism,
Its Leaders...



(NYC, W. P. Fetridge, 1857)

(part 1 of 4)


Chapters: 1   |   2   |   3   |   4   |   5   |   6   |   7   |   8   |   9   |   10   |   11   |   12   |   13

go to:  Title  |  Introductory  |  Contents (with links to all chapters)  |  Appendix


 




 




MORMONISM:


ITS  LEADERS  AND  DESIGNS.




BY

JOHN HYDE, JUN.,

FORMERLY  A  MORMON  ELDER  AND  RESIDENT  OF  SALT  LAKE  CITY.





SECOND EDITION.




NEW YORK:

W. P.  F E T R I D G E  &  C O M P A N Y,
No. 281  B R O A D W A Y,
OPPOSITE STEWART'S.

1857.




 

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by

W. P. FETRIDGE & CO.

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District
of New York









STEREOTYPED BY
T H O M A S  B.  S M I T H.
82 & 84 Beekman-st., N.Y.
                PRINTED BY
J.  A P P L E B Y.
82 & 84 Beekman-st.









 

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DEDICATION.




TO THE

HONEST  BELIEVERS  IN  MORMONISM.

MY FRIENDS:
In writing the following work, I was not actuated by the base design of helping to malign an unpopular people, not by the unworthy one of administering to mere idle curiosity. I wrote it neither to feed public prejudice, nor to supply public scandal, I wrote it for you, to you, therefor, I dedicate it.

I know your sincerity; I know also your delusion. As sincerely deceived as yourselves, I have preceded you to Salt Lake City. Some things of what I there saw, with the reflections they have suggested, are contained herein. Of the much that ought to be said, I have endeavored to say a little. The subject, however, is by no means exhausted,

While it is better to learn by personal experience than ever to remain ignorant, it is far wiser to profit by the experience of others. Although the practices of individuals
 


-----  iv                                         DEDICATION.                                         -----

can not determine the principles of communities, yet, when those practices are criminal and those individuals assume to be prophets and apostles, all men ought to hesitate before committing themselves to their jurisdiction, believing their pretensions, or imitating their examples.

if the following pages, for which I solicit your serious and candid perusal, accomplish no more, many they at least lead you to a thorough and careful re-investigation of your grounds of faith; while they teach you to remember that new thoughts are not, therefore, true thoughts; nor new light true light. To industriously declaim against the evils existing in the world, does not render proposed remedies necessarily good; and wise men should deliberate before rushing

"--- from evils that we know,
To those we know not of."

I am your sincere well-wisher.
                                           THE AUTHOR.

New York, July, 1857
 




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INTRODUCTION.


IT is interesting to learn the peculiarities of a remote nation or an ancient age. It is far more important, however, that we should correctly understand the character and practices of any extraordinary people of our own day. Mormonism and the Mormons are subjects that not only deserve attention or excite interest, but demand the most serious consideration. The meanness of its origin, the singularity of its history, its present anomalous position, its still increasing dissemination, the mysterious influence it exercises on its followers, and its ultimate destiny, should commend its investigation to all persons. As a curious example of successful imposture, and a stern proof of human fanaticism, it must interest the philosopher. As a system of absolute autocracy in the center of a republic, it must attract the attention of politicians. As ensuring human misery, and consummating human degradation, in the cases of thousands of credulous men and women, and thousands more of helpless children, it should be noticed by the philanthropist. As a religious delusion increasing very
 


----- vi                                     INTRODUCTION.                                     -----

can rapidly, and entailing not only present suffering, but eternal loss on its infatuated adherents, it ought to arouse the divine to thought and action.

Mormonism is no longer a myth; and however wise the policy of contemptuous disregard for its mental delusion or its moral contaminations may have previously been, it is wise no longer. It has become a fact, and is every day growing more substantial and consolidated. As such a fact it deserved to be examined, and demands to be met. In so far as it is erroneous, it needs refutation, or wicked, it needs exposure; or criminal, it needs punishment.

To be met it must be understood; and to be understood it must be investigated. there is much falsehood circulated about the Mormons. This every one must perceive. Knowing this, many truthful accusations are successfully denied by their apologists, disbelieved by their followers, and rejected by impartial persons, accustomed to newspaper exaggerations. In such case the testimony of an eye witness, if credible, must be important. as such, the following work is submitted. The author has endeavored to exhibit the people of Utah as they are; and while he has much

                    "Extenuated,
Has set down naught in malice."

Prophetic assumptions must be sustained by prophetic conduct, or they fail. the validity of bombastic pretensions
 


-----                                      INTRODUCTION.                                    vii  ----- 

to superior purity can only be determined by the extent of that purity. While this is inevitably true, still the correctness of principles does not depend on consistency of practice. A theory may be admirable and practicable however much neglected or despised. many sincere believers in Mormonism, as a system, deplore its exhibitions as a practice. To prove to such that the practices of Mormons are the natural consequants of their theory, is another object of this work.

Circumstances throw many persons into controversy with believers of this system, but the press of whose occupations prevents any elaborate and personal investigation of their tenets and history, or of the opposing arguments. In order to supply, to a small extent, such information, and briefly to indicate whence such arguments may be drawn, has been another design of the author.

And if the great Source and Ultimatum of all truth will accept and bless this work, to the inducing any mind to shake off the bondage of a miserable delusion the author will feel abundantly repaid.
 



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C O N T E N T S.




INTRODUCTION   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   . v


CHAPTER I.

THE   AUTHOR.

13  MORMONISM IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA -- EMBRACES MORMONISM -- IS ORDAINED AND PREACHES -- GOES AS A MISSIONARY TO FRANCE -- LEAVES ENGLAND FOR AMERICA -- VISITS NAUVOO AND CARTHAGE -- THE SMITHS -- ICARIANS -- THE PLAINS -- THE INDIANS -- ARRIVES AT SALT LAKE -- IS INITIATED INTO MORMON MYSTERIES -- EFFORTS TO LEAVE SALT LAKE CITY -- APPOINTED A MISSIONARY TO THE SANDWICH ISLANDS -- LEAVES FOR CALIFORNIA -- DOUBTS AND DIFFICULTIES -- PACIFIC OCEAN -- ARRIVES AT SANDWICH ISLANDS --RENOUNCES MORMONISM -- BRIGHAM'S CERTIFICATE -- MOTIVES FOR ACTING -- CONDUCT OF
THE AUTHORITIES TOWARD HIM.


CHAPTER II.
SALT LAKE CITY.

28  "THE BIG MOUNTAIN" -- EMIGRATION KANYON -- THE BENCHES -- GREAT SALT LAKE -- THE CITY WALL -- THE CITY -- THE INHABITANTS -- THE HOUSES OF THE LEADING MEN NEAR TEMPLE BLOCK -- KIMBALL'S CITY PROPERTY -- BRIGHAM'S LION HOUSE -- THE MANSION AND WHITE HOUSE -- MORMON THEATER AND DANCING HALL -- PUBLIC BUILDINGS -- TITHING OFFICE AND SYSTEM OF TITHING -- COMMUNISM AND CONSECRATION -- PUBLIC LANDS -- TEMPLE BLOCK -- THE SOIL -- CAPACITY TO SUPPORT INCREASED POPULATION -- STARVATION -- MANUFACTORIES -- LIQUOR MAKING AND CONSUMING -- IRON AND COAL FOR THE PACIFIC RAILROAD -- MINERALS -- WEAPON MANUFACTORIES -- THE MORMON CENSUS AND LYING -- MORMON PROSPERITY AND PURITY.


CHAPTER III.
PRACTICAL POLYGAMY.

51  FAMILY ARRANGEMENTS - FAVORITES -- DOMESTIC HAPPINESS -- SLEEPING ALONE -- MAKING TABERNACLES -- MORMON SALVATION -- WIFE HUNTING -- MOTHERS


 

----- x                                         CONTENTS.                                         -----

AND DAUGHTERS SEALED TO ONE MAN -- HALF-SISTER WIFE -- EFFECTS OF POLYGAMY ON FIRST WIVES -- WHISKY -- TERMAGANTS -- ADULTERY -- JEALOUSY -- BRIGHAM ON CONNUBIALITIES -- PROPORTION OF THE SEXES IN UTAH -- ARGUMENTS USED TO INDUCE YOUNG GIRLS TO MARRY POLYGAMISTS IN PREFERENCE TO YOUNG MEN -- WHY THEY DO NOT LEAVE -- EFFECTS OF POLYGAMY ON THE CHILDREN -- MORALITY -- STERILITY OF WOMEN -- EARLY MARRIAGE -- DIVORCE -- MRS. MCLEAN AND PARLEY P. PRATT -- MRS. COBB AND BRIGHAM -- UTAH MARRIAGES.


CHAPTER IV.
MORMON MYSTERIES.

83  SEALING FOR ETERNITY -- WOMEN SEALED TO ONE AND MARRIED TO ANOTHER HUSBAND -- SPIRITUAL WIVES -- CAUSE OF SMITH'S DEATH -- SMITH'S WIDOW'S -- "PROXY DOCTRINE" -- MARRIAGE AND SEALING FOR THE DEAD -- THE ENDOWMENT -- WASHING AND ANOINTING -- FIRST DEGREE OF AARONIC PRIESTHOOD -- SECOND DEGREE OF AARONIC PRIESTHOOD -- FIRST DEGREE OF MELCHISEDEC PRIESTHOOD -- SECOND DEGREE OF MELCHISEDEC PRIESTHOOD -- "BEHIND THE VAIL" -- OBEDIENCE WITH EXAMPLES -- SEALING AT THE ALTAR -- MURDERS -- INITIATION LECTURES -- SEALINGS TO INDIAN SQUAWS -- ADOPTION -- SELLING DAUGHTERS.


CHAPTER V.
EDUCATION.

115  PRACTICAL EDUCATION -- SCHOOL SYSTEM -- BRAGGADOCIO -- SCHOOL TEACHERS -- THREE MONTHS' TERMS AND NINE MONTHS' VACATIONS --EVENING SCHOOLS -- DANCING SCHOOLS -- ORSON PRATT V. BRIGHAM YOUNG -- KIMBALL ON EDUCATED MEN -- PRATT;S MATHEMATICAL CLASS -- GRAMMAR SCHOOLS -- CULTIVATED FEMALE SOCIETY -- HOME EDUCATION -- FEMALE 'RAS BLEUS" -- LITERARY INSTITUTIONS -- NOVEL-READING -- DESERET ALPHABET -- NEWSPAPERS -- BOOK OF MORMON -- SMITH'S REVELATIONS -- NEW TESTAMENT OF THE BIBLE -- BOOK OF ABRAHAM -- KEY TO APOCALYPSE OF ST. JOHN -- PROPHECIES OF ENOCH -- GOSPEL OF ADAM -- WRITTEN LAW V. ORAL LAW -- CONTROVERSIAL WORKS


CHAPTER VI.
BRIGHAM YOUNG AT HOME.

136  HIS BIOGRAPHY -- BIRTH AND EDUCATION -- EMBRACES MORMONISM -- MEETS SMITH THE PROPHET -- JOURNEY TO MISSOURI -- IS ORDAINED AN APOSTLE -- PREACHES -- APPOINTED PRESIDENT OF THE APOSTLES -- FLIES FOR HIS LIFE -- RELAYS FOUNDATION OF TEMPLE IN JACKSON COUNTY, MISSOURI -- MISSION TO ENGLAND -- RETURNS TO NAUVOO -- BRIGHAM AND SMITH -- BRIGHAM AND SIDNEY RIGDON -- BUILDS UP NAUVOO -- CONDUCTS EMIGRATION -- MORMON BATTALION -- SALT LAKE CITY -- BRIGHAM'S LEADERSHIP -- APPOINTED PRESIDENT


 

-----                                          CONTENTS.                                       xi  ----- 

OF CHURCH -- QUARRELS WITH JUDGES AND EXPELS THEM -- COLONEL STEPTOE -- "MODES OPERANDI" -- SHOULD GE DIE, FATE OF THE CHURCH -- PERSONAL APPEARANCE -- IN COUNCIL AND AT THE PULPIT -- SATELLITES TO THIS PLANET -- HIS MANNERS -- STYLE OF ORATORY -- AS A WRITER -- AS A HUSBAND AND FATHER -- DOMESTICITIES -- HIS WIVES -- HIS FAVORITE -- WOMEN COURTING THE MEN -- OCCUPATIONS AND PROPERTY -- UNIVERSAL CONFIDANT AND ADVISER -- ADMINISTRATIVE BLUNDERS -- SECRET OF SUCCESS.



CHAPTER VII.
BRIGHAM THE PROPHET.

172  INVENTION OF MORMONISM -- SMITH'S PREDICTION AND DESIGN -- MORMON PRAYERS -- CHRIST COMING IN 1890 -- WHERE HE SHALL DESCEND -- BRIGHAM'S POSITION -- BRIGHAM ON HIMSELF -- DRAWING THE SWORD OF THE ALMIGHTY -- SHEDDING BLOOD -- BRIGHAM ON PROSPECTS OF UTAH -- FANATICISM -- HIS ARMY -- HIS INTENTION IF ARRESTED -- HIS METHOD OF GOVERNMENT -- STEALING -- BRIBERY -- DEBT PAYING -- FRIGHTENING APOSTATES -- MORMON MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES -- BRIGHAM'S POLICY -- HIS SUCCESSOR -- JOSEPH SMITH, JUN. -- HEBER C. KIMBALL -- O. HYDE -- P. PRATT - JOSEPH A. YOUNG - BRIGHAM'S GOD - ADAM THE FATHER OF CHRIST



CHAPTER VIII.

199  CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF MORMONISM,



CHAPTER IX.
ANALYSIS OF INTERNAL EVIDENCES OF BOOK OF MORMON.

210  INTRODUCTION -- NATURE AND PURPOSE OF THE BOOK -- CONTRADICTION AS TO PLATES -- AS TO URIM AND THUMMIM -- AS TO HEBREW LANGUAGE -- JEWISH MATERIALS FOR WRITING -- LABAN'S PLATES AND THEIR CONTENTS -- GENEALOGIES -- COPIES OF THE LAW -- HISTORY OF THE JEWS -- VARIOUS PROPHETS OF BIBLE AND BOOK OF MORMON -- CONTRADICTION IN PREDICTION -- LEHI'S COMPASS OR LIAHONA -- NATURAL HISTORY OF BOOK OF MORMON -- OF AMERICAN NATURAL HISTORY -- IMPORTATIONS OF STOCK -- ELEPHANTS IN AMERICA -- ASTRONOMICAL ANTICIPATIONS -- CONTRADICTIONS BETWEEN THE PRETENDED AUTHORS OF THE BOOK OF MORMON -- SOLOMON'S TEMPLE IN AMERICA -- GIFTS OF THE SPIRIT BEFORE CHRIST -- JARED'S BARGES, WHAT THEY WERE AND WHAT THEY BROUGHT -- PLAGIARISMS FROM THE BIBLE -- INCONSISTENCIES -- PROPHETIC APOLOGIES.



CHAPTER X.
EXTERNAL EVIDENCES OF BOOK OF MORMON.

237  MORMON STYLE OF ARGUMENT -- ATTACKS ON THE BIBLE EXAMINED -- LAWS OF EVIDENCE -- CONTRADICTIONS BETWEEN STATEMENTS -- URIM AND THUMMIM --


 

----- xii                                        CONTENTS.                                        -----

AFFIDAVITS OF SMITH'S ACQUAINTANCES -- CONTRADICTIONS OF PROBABILITIES -- SMITH'S PREVIOUS CHARACTER -- AFFIDAVITS OF ELEVEN CITIZENS -- OF FIFTY-ONE -- OF DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS -- SMITH'S THREE WITNESSES -- CONTRADICTIONS -- OLIVER COWDERY -- MARTIN HARRIS -- DAVID WHITMER -- OF THE EIGHT WITNESSES -- ANALYSIS OF TESTIMONY -- FALSE GROUNDS OF THE MORMONS -- THEIR PROPHETIC EVIDENCE -- SUMMARY



CHAPTER XI.
REAL ORIGIN OF THE BOOK OF MORMON.

262  CREDIBILITY OF TESTIMONY -- MONEY-DIGGING IN NEW YORK -- CHASES'S "PEEP-STONE" -- SMITH'S MODE OF TRANSLATING -- PAGE'S STONE -- SMITH'S PLATES -- WILEY'S PLATES -- CUPIDITY OF SMITH'S FAMILY -- SMITH'S OBJECT -- MARTIN HARRIS'S INDUCEMENT -- OLIVER COWDERY'S INDUCEMENT -- ORIGIN OF NAME -- ORIGIN OF MATTER -- SPALDING'S RELATIONS' TESTIMONY -- SMITH'S MEANS OF OBTAINING SPALDING'S MSS. -- INCIDENTS OF BOOK OF MORMON -- RELIGIOUS DECISIONS -- RELIGIOUS STYLE -- GRAMMATICAL CONSTRUCTIONS -- THE BIBLE.



CHAPTER XII.
THEORETICAL POLYGAMY.

284  POSITION -- ANTI-SCRIPTURAL -- ADAM -- NOAH -- LAMECH -- ABRAHAM -- JACOB -- DAVID -- CHRIST -- PAUL -- CHRISTIAN DISPENSATION -- ANTI-NATURAL -- PROPORTIONS OF THE SEXES -- NATURE A CONFORMER OF REVELATION -- IRRATIONAL --WOMAN'S POSITION THE TEST OF PROGRESS --CHILDREN'S DEPENDENCE ON THEIR MOTHERS -- WIVES' INFLUENCE OVER HUSBANDS -- HISTORY AND DESTINY OF RACES -- DIFFERENT LAWS OF MARRIAGE -- UNMARRIED PROPHETS -- INFERIOR RACES MOST PROLIFIC -- "POLYGAMY A PREVENTIVE OF PROSTITUTION" EXAMINED -- ANTI-MORMON -- REVELATIONS -- POPULATION OF UTAH



CHAPTER XIII.
THE SUPPRESSION OF MORMONISM.

306  MORMONISM AS A CIVIL POLITY AND AS A RELIGION -- CAUSES OF MORMON PERSECUTIONS AT MISSOURI AND -- NAUVOO -- J. SMITH A CANDIDATE FOR THE PRESIDENCY OF THE UNITED STATES -- SMITH A MOHAMMED -- BRIGHAM SUCCESSOR TO HIS DESIGNS AS WELL AS OFFICE -- HIS MANAGEMENT -- FAMILY V. AMBITION -- THE CAUSES OF HIS FUTURE FALL -- MORMON POLITICS --THE OBJECTS TO BE ACCOMPLISHED WITH REGARD TO THEM -- SUPPRESSION OF POLYGAMY -- DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE PREMISES -- BENEFITS OF ANNEXATION TO THE MEN AND WOMEN --MAJORITY OF THE MORMONS FOREIGNERS -- THE EFFECTS OF MERELY APPOINTING A GOVERNOR AND SENDING TROOPS -- MORMONISM AS A RELIGIOUS EVIL -- MEANS OF UPROOTING IT -- DUTY OF SECEDERS AND OF CHRISTIANS -- ITS FUNDAMENTAL ERRORS AND WEAK POINTS



331:  LETTER ADDRESSED TO BRIGHAM YOUNG





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